【飞洋在线】最新H-1B签证统计:公司,收入,职业,年龄

美国移民局USCIS最近公布了2007年至2017年的H-1B签证统计,移民路(ImmigrationRoad.com)总结归纳如下,供读者参考。

H-1B签证(简称H1B或H1),是美国公司雇佣外国员工的最主要渠道,也是中国留学生毕业之后留在美国的重要途径。H1签证有效期3年,可延长一次。6年期满之后申请人需离开美国一年才能重新申请H1,或者根据绿卡申请情况每年延期(AC21)。

虽然H1属于非移民签证,但是H1持有者允许申请绿卡(dual intent),这一点和旅游签证B1/B2,学生签证F1等截然不同。

现阶段H-1B的名额是每年85,000,其中20,000个要求至少硕士学历,另外高校和非营利科研机构等不占名额。高科技公司是H1签证的最大用户,但是其他行业也会占用少许名额,比如时装模特,第一夫人Melania Trump当年就是以H1身份来美国工作的。

因为每年申请H1的人数远远超过限额,所以移民局会采取抽签方式,这为留学生的毕业规划带来极大不确定因素:辛辛苦苦找到工作,公司也同意申请H1,却没有抽到名额。另外印度的咨询公司通过海量申请,每年占据大部分名额,其中屡有作弊嫌疑,经常被主流媒体报道,这些也是未来移民改革的重点。

1. 按申请人出生地,H-1B申请排名前十:

2. 按申请人出生地,H-1B申请排名前20(印度是排名第2到第20位的总和的2.5倍):

2007 – 2017年,H1B 签证申请总数
(数据:移民局,整理:飞洋在线)
出生地: 签证申请
印度 2,183,112
中国大陆 296,313
菲律宾 85,918
韩国 77,359
加拿大 68,228
台湾 40,627
墨西哥 34,609
英国 32,964
巴基斯坦 31,882
法国 28,053
巴西 26,164
尼泊尔 22,390
日本 21,497
土耳其 20,413
德国 18,966
伊朗 18,148
意大利 17,257
俄罗斯 16,271
委内瑞拉 13,997
西班牙 11,873

3. 年收入:

H1-B申请人数,以年收入分类
(数据:移民局,整理:飞洋在线)
年收入(美元): 2015年 2016年 2017年
Below 25K 3,870 4,320 6,983
25K to 49,999 20,524 17,855 12,321
50K to 74,999 142,865 142,847 105,827
75K to 99,999 105,383 117,529 99,326
100K to 124,999 55,288 64,982 59,988
125K to 149,999 23,911 30,079 29,416
150K to 174,999 8,437 11,606 11,962
175K to 199,999 3,205 3,951 4,339
Over 200K 5,369 6,180 5,945

4. 学历

H1-B申请人数,以学历分类
(数据:移民局,整理:飞洋在线)
学历: 2015年 2016年 2017年
没有文凭 69 50 37
高中毕业 188 145 97
少于一年大学 33 28 16
多于一年大学(没有学位) 285 252 173
专科毕业 269 225 171
本科毕业 170,865 180,077 139,055
硕士学位 159,828 180,961 165,830
专业学位 (医学,法律等) 11,812 11,880 9,863
博士学位 25,188 25,602 20,589
其他 315 129 276

5. 行业

H1-B申请人数,以行业分类
(数据:移民局,整理:飞洋在线)
行业: 2015年 2016年 2017年
Custom Computer Programming Services 128,832 140,200 108,332
Computer Systems Design Services 39,384 44,130 34,462
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 19,540 19,634 14,913
Engineering Services 7,645 8,101 7,169
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals 7,095 8,122 6,534
Other Computer Related Services 4,534 7,974 6,763
Software Publishers 5,654 5,836 4,763
Offices of Physicians (Except Mental Health Specialists) 4,010 4,500 4,309
Electronic Computer Manufacturing 3,862 4,800 3,979
Semiconductor and Related Device Manufacturing 2,825 3,569 3,380
Elementary and Secondary Schools 2,592 2,844 2,738
Investment Banking and Securities Dealing 3,119 2,794 1,766
Offices of Certified Public Accountants 2,595 2,767 2,240
Administrative Management and General Management Consulting Services 2,259 2,406 2,219
Commercial Banking 2,124 2,196 2,216
Radio and Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturing 2,100 2,075 1,734
Offices of Other Holding Companies 1,503 1,572 1,547
Financial Transactions Processing, Reserve, and Clearinghouse Activities 1,442 1,463 1,577
Credit Card Issuing 1,525 1,343 1,457
All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 1,249 1,376 1,383
Other Scientific and Technical Consulting Services 1,250 1,343 1,311
Marketing Consulting Services 1,222 1,322 1,175
Direct Health and Medical Insurance Carriers 1,077 1,324 1,187
Offices of Physical, Occupational and Speech Therapists, and Audiologists 1,263 1,162 972
Architectural Services 1,063 1,088 1,067
Portfolio Management 1,013 1,085 1,102
Offices of Lawyers 974 930 965
Investment Advice 824 906 818
Pharmacies and Drug Stores 737 707 503
Specialty (Except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals 595 626 473

6. 获得H-1B签证最多的公司,以及平均工资

财政年2016获得签证最多的雇主 – 前五名都是总部位于印度的科技咨询公司(数据:移民局,整理:飞洋在线)
雇主:
获得H-1B
签证总数
平均工资 ($)
COGNIZANT TECH SOLNS US CORP 21459 84,303
INFOSYS LTD 12780 84,344
TATA CONSULTANCY SVCS LTD 11295 71,819
ACCENTURE LLP 6831 79,416
WIPRO LTD 6819 73,937
IBM CORPORATION 3569 79,275
MICROSOFT CORP 3556 126,096
HCL AMERICA INC 3492 83,980
TECH MADHINDRA AMERICAS INC 3344 76,737
DELOITTE CONSULTING LLP 3114 102,558
AMAZON CORPORATE LLC 2739 115,257
GOOGLE INC 2517 131,882
SYNEL CONSULTING INC 2286 67,145
CAPGEMINI AMERICA INC. 2024 71,667
APPLE INC 1992 138,563
INTEL CORP 1873 101,025
LARDEN & TOUBRO INFOTECH LTD 1558 76,643
ERNST & YOUNG U S LLP 1552 96,316
CISCO SYS INC 1529 121,372
JP MORGAN CHASE & CO 1467 111,469
ORACLE AMERICA INC 1448 118,507
QUALCOMM TECHNOLOGIES INC 1254 118,155
CAPEGEMINI AMERICA INC 1252 84,274
L & T TECH SERVICES LTD 1143 65,246
UST 1136 71,371
FACEBOOK INC 1107 140,758
MIDNTREE LIMITED 1103 73,691
PRICEWATERHOUSECOOPERS LLP 1050 82,363
CAP GEMINI FINANCIAL SVCS USA INC 1048 91,068
MPHASIS CORPORATION 1016 81,750
IBM CORP 1006 115,745
DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP 827 83,295
PRICEWATERCOOPERS ADVISORY SVCS L 757 119,186
NTT DATA ENTERPRISE SVCS INC 746 91,793
HEXAWARE TECH INC 711 76,408
SYNTEL CONSULTING INC 701 93,339
ANC BUS MANAGEMENT LLC 690 111,062
RANDSTAD TECH LP 653 105,387
WAL MART ASSO INC 633 118,327
GOLDMAN SACHS & CO 596 126,533
SALEFORCE COM INC 587 138,080
CUMMINS 534 83,516
CAPITAL ONE SERVICES LLC 516 107,095
EMC CORP 514 101,568
CSC CONANYS CORPORATION 497 78,716
HAYWARD BAKER INC 478 89,108
EBAY INC 472 139,265
UBER TECHNOLOGIES INC 466 130,856
AM EXPRESS RELATED SVCS CO INC 459 108,374
CGI TECH & SOLNS INC 449 87,386
BLOOMBERG LP 444 142,999
CAPGEMINI U S LLC 440 106,899
SYNECHORN INC 415 89,175
HCL CLOBAL SYSTEMS INC 410 92,050
NVIDIA CORPORATION 396 138,210
LINKEDIN CORP 374 150,139
HEWETT PACKARD ENTERPRISE COMPANY 374 120,113
BILL ME LATER INC 372 137,928
STANFORD UNIV/SLAC NATL ACCELERA 372 79,588
POLARIS CONS & SVCS LTD FKA POLAR 367 74,112
HCL GLOBAL SVCS INC 366 80,891
PERSISTENT SYSTEMS INC 351 92,349
VMWARE 341 130,755
UNIV OF MI 326 63,454
K FORCE INC 319 98,595
KPIT INFO SYSTEMS INC 317 97,356
COMPUNEL SOFTWARE GROUP INC 315 73,077
YAHOO INC 311 127,624
A2Z DEVELOPMENT CTR INC D/B/A LA 310 131,408
DELL MARKETING 307 95,093
V SOFT CONSULTING GROUP INC 307 86,301
JOHN HOPKINS UNIV 305 71,966
VIRTUSA CORP 303 124,318
AMAZON CORPORATE LLC 301 107,522
ERICSON INC 299 100,885
POPULUS GROUP LLC 299 90,876
MCKINSEY & CO IN UNITED STATES 297 131,940
BIRALSOFT INC 296 76,686
CERNER CORP 291 79,928
CYIENT INC 282 68,849
MATHWORKS INC 277 93,073
INTUIT INC 274 129,696
INOVANT LLC 273 120,811
BROADCOM CORP 270 159,085
ERP ANALYST INC 269 69,787
ZENSAR TECHNOLOGIES 264 86,513
T MOBILE USA INC 261 108,565
MERRILL LYNCH 259 130,793
TELSA MOTORS INC 255 108,901
RELIABLE SOFTWARE RESOURCE INC 253 64,090
ADOBE SYSTEMS INCORPORATED 253 133,565
DELOITTE TAX LLP 253 76,574
COLLEGE OF AG & TECH AT MORRISVIL 252 74,018
CLEVELAND CLINC 251 92,087
UNIV OF IL AT CHICAGO 248 80,180
CITIBANK N A 247 114,673
JUNIPER NETWORKS INC 242 120,669
CREDIT SUISSE SECURITIES USA LLC 240 124,740
NIIT TECH LTD 240 76,086
BALTIMORE CITY COMMUNITY COLLEGE 240 74,411
MARLABS INC 239 71,084
EXPEDIA INC 233 111,234
SYSTEM SOFT TECHNOLOGIES 229 87,642
COMCAST CABLE COMMS LLC 228 110,649
COMP SCI CORPORATION 225 75,515
MAYO CLINIC 224 127,610
BALTIMORE CITY OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS 224 80,133
UNIV OF PA 222 68,756
FUJITSU AMERICA INC 221 83,689
EPIC SYSTEM CORP 219 108,178
TECHNOSOFT CORPORATION 218 80,055
NAL INSTITUTES OF HLTH/HHS 218 74,287
HATCHI CONSULTING CORPORATION 217 92,838
COLUMBIA UNIV 215 79,177
GEN MOTORS CO 215 100,031
UCSF MEDICAL CENTER 214 77,181
NETAPP INC 212 113,137
GENPACT LLC 211 88,554
MORGAN STANLEY & CO LLC 210 128,914
SAPIENT CORPORATION 209 110,677
ALALCATEL LUCENT USA INC DBA NOK 209 113,358
CAPITAL ONE SERVICES II LLC 209 110,285
AVCO CONSULTING INC 207 73,070
COLLABERA INC 206 64,725
3 I INFOTECH INC 206 65,559
SEAR HOLDINGS MANAGEMENT CORP 205 107,652
ANTHEM INC 203 100,501
VEDICSOFT 203 70,130
DIRECTV LLC 201 123,139
AMERICA AIRLINES INC 200 96,173
MICRO TECH INC 200 96,241
UNIV OF CO 200 68,809
MASTECH INC 198 101,242
ITECH US INC 197 89,784
YALE UNIV 196 77,610
COLLABORATE SOLUTIONS INC 196 72,603
UNIV OF MINNESOTA 196 63,473
AT&T SERVICES INC 196 115,602
QUALCOMM ATHEROS INC 196 120,999
NATSOFT CORP 195 70,169
EXILANT TECH PRIVATE LIMITED 192 90,797
SYNOPSIS INC 190 119,147
DELL MARKETING LP 190 105,271
UNIV OF WI GREEN BAY 189 65,461
VERIZON DATA LLC 188 105,744
SKL AMERICA INC 187 77,536
INTONE NETWORKS INC 185 81,026
FIRST TEK INC 185 67,114
GLOBAL FOUNDRIES U S INC 183 99,644
ECLINICAL WORKS LLC 182 80,777
PERFICIENT INC 182 99,408
GE CO GE GLOBAL RESEARCH CENTER 181 129,188

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